Recruitment of student athletes

This component of Title IX applies primarily to colleges and universities that recruit student athletes. Schools should not discriminate against women in the allotment of recruiting budgets. However, a straight dollar figure that is higher for men than women does not automatically indicate a Title IX violation. Nondiscriminatory differences may account for disparities in recruiting budgets, for example if a large number of male basketball players graduate the same year, creating a higher demand for recruiting dollars. However, overall recruiting budgets should be approximately proportional to the percentages of male and female athletes at the school.

Example: At University X, 45% of student athletes are women and 55% are men. However, out of the total recruiting budget, 75% is allocated for recruiting male athletes and only 25% is allocated for recruiting female athletes. Male recruits who come to visit the school are often given the royal treatment, including fancy dinners and nights at a hotel. Female recruits, on the other hand, usually eat at the school cafeteria and stay in the dorms with other female athletes. University X is in violation of Title IX because it does not offer the same treatment and benefits to males and females in its recruiting process.

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